How could you, foolish man, having gone forth under this Dhamma and Discipline which are well-taught, [commit such and such offense]? It is not, foolish man, for the benefit of un-believers, nor for the increase in the number of believers, but, foolish man, it is to the detriment of both unbelievers and believers, and it causes wavering in some. Horner London: Pali Text Society, , pp. Some see the Vinaya as a throwback to an archaic patriarchy, based on a hodge-podge of ancient rules and customs — quaint cultural relics that only obscure the essence of "true" Buddhist practice.
This misguided view overlooks one crucial fact: it is thanks to the unbroken lineage of monastics who have consistently upheld and protected the rules of the Vinaya for almost 2, years that we find ourselves today with the luxury of receiving the priceless teachings of Dhamma.
Vinaya Texts (Part I) Translated from the Pâli by T.W. Rhys Davids and Herman Oldenberg
Were it not for the Vinaya, and for those who continue to keep it alive to this day, there would be no Buddhism. It helps to keep in mind that the name the Buddha gave to the spiritual path he taught was "Dhamma-vinaya" — the Doctrine Dhamma and Discipline Vinaya — suggesting an integrated body of wisdom and ethical training.
The Vinaya is thus an indispensable facet and foundation of all the Buddha's teachings, inseparable from the Dhamma, and worthy of study by all followers — lay and ordained, alike. Lay practitioners will find in the Vinaya Pitaka many valuable lessons concerning human nature, guidance on how to establish and maintain a harmonious community or organization, and many profound teachings of the Dhamma itself.
But its greatest value, perhaps, lies in its power to inspire the layperson to consider the extraordinary possibilities presented by a life of true renunciation, a life lived fully in tune with the Dhamma. The Buddha's standard reprimand was itself a powerful corrective: It is not fit, foolish man, it is not becoming, it is not proper, it is unworthy of a recluse, it is not lawful, it ought not to be done.
Suttavibhanga — the basic rules of conduct Patimokkha for bhikkhus and bhikkhunis, along with the "origin story" for each one. Khandhaka A.
Mahavagga — in addition to rules of conduct and etiquette for the Sangha, this section contains several important sutta-like texts, including an account of the period immediately following the Buddha's Awakening, his first sermons to the group of five monks, and stories of how some of his great disciples joined the Sangha and themselves attained Awakening.
Cullavagga — an elaboration of the bhikkhus' etiquette and duties, as well as the rules and procedures for addressing offences that may be committed within the Sangha.
Vinaya - Wikipedia
Parivara — A recapitulation of the previous sections, with summaries of the rules classified and re-classified in various ways for instructional purposes. It is a collection of rules for Buddhist monks. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka first part, bhikkhu-vibhanga contains many In the Introduction to Volume I of his edition, Oldenberg wrote p.
But in the years , , T. The detailed handling, exposition and analysis of many important, interesting, difficult and obscure points make of Vinaya Texts a work of remarkable scholarship. In addition, the erudition of one who had had opportunities of investigating contemporary monasticism in Ceylon has been bestowed upon it. This is one of the two respects in which Vinaya Texts can be supplemented. Secondly, our knowledge of various aspects of Buddhism has doubtless increased during the fifty-two years which separate the appearance of Volume III of Vinaya Texts and the appearance of Volume I of The Book of the Discipline.
This mass of material, not available to the original translators of the Vinaya, has made possible a comparison of passages, phrases and words occurring in scattered parts of the Canon, so that now a more definite and perhaps less tentative interpretation of the significance of some of them, as they appear in the Vinaya, can be presented. This is the second way in which Vinaya Texts can be supplemented. It is only by discovering what words and phrases signify in passages other than those with which one is at the moment concerned, that the general, and even the exceptional, meaning of those same words and phrases can be more or less accurately gauged.